Topology & Group Theory Seminar

Vanderbilt University

2018/2019

Links to seminar schedule for previous years:
2010/11, 2011/12, 2012/13, 2014/15, Spring 2016, Fall 2016, Spring 2017, 2017/18, 2018/19


Organizer: Spencer Dowdall

Wednesdays, 4:10–5:00pm in SC 1308 (unless otherwise noted)

Wednesday, August 28, 2019

Kevin Schreve (University of Chicago)

Title: Proper actions versus uniform embeddings

Absract: Whenever a finitely generated group \(G\) acts properly discontinuously by isometries on a metric space \(X\), there is an induced uniform embedding (a Lipschitz and uniformly proper map) \(f \colon G\to X\) given by mapping \(G\) to an orbit. I will talk about some examples of groups which uniformly embed into a contractible n-manifold but do not act on a contractible n-manifold. Kapovich and Kleiner constructed torsion-free hyperbolic groups that embed into \(\mathbb{R}^3\) but only act on \(\mathbb{R}^4\). My main application will be showing that certain k-fold direct products of these groups do not act on \(\mathbb{R}^{3k}\).


Wednesday, September 4, 2019

Matthew Haulmark (Vanderbilt)

Title: Canonical JSJ for Relatively Hyperbolic Groups

Abstract: JSJ decompositions first appeared in the context of 3-manifolds with the work of Jaco-Shalen and Johannson. Generalizations of JSJ theory to finitely generated groups have been studied in different contexts by many authors (Kropholler, Rips-Sela, Papasoglu-Swenson, Bowditch, Guirardel-Levitt, etc.). Guirardel and Levitt have shown that if G is one ended and hyperbolic relative to a finite collection of finitely generated subgroups, then there is a relative JSJ tree for G over the class of elementary subgroups. In a joint work with Chris Hruska we show that Guirardel and Levitt’s result can be obtained from the topology of the Bowditch boundary. This implies that the relative JSJ tree for G is a “relative” quasi-isometry invariant.


Wednesday, September 11, 2019

No Seminar


Wednesday, September 18, 2019

Simon Andre (Vanderbilt)

Title: Hyperbolicity is preserved under elementary equivalence

Abstract: Zlil Sela proved that a finitely generated group that satisfies the same first-order properties as a torsion-free hyperbolic group is torsion-free hyperbolic. I will explain that this result remains true for hyperbolic groups with torsion, as well as for subgroups of hyperbolic groups, and for hyperbolic and cubulable groups.


Wednesday, September 25, 2019

Rachel Skipper (OSU)

Title: Finiteness Properties for Simple Groups

Abstract: A group is said to be of type $F_n$ if it admits a classifying space with compact \(n\)-skeleton. We will consider the class of Röver-Nekrachevych groups, a class of groups built out of self-similar groups and Higman-Thompson groups, and use them to produce a simple group of type \(F_{n-1}\) but not \(F_n\) for each \(n\). These are the first known examples for \(n\geq 3\). As a consequence, we find the second known infinite family of quasi-isometry classes of finitely presented simple groups.


Wednesday, October 16, 2019

Jean Pierre Mutanguha (Arkansas)

Title: The irreducibility of monodromy is a mapping torus invariant

Abstract: An immediate corollary of Nielsen-Thurston classification of surface homeomorphisms is that if two surface homeomorphisms f and g have homeomorphic mapping tori, then f is pseudo-Anosov if and only if g is pseudo-Anosov. Using hyperbolization theorem and rigidity results, the hypothesis can be weakened to quasi-isometric mapping tori. We show an analogous result for free group automorphisms: if two free group automorphisms have isomorphic mapping tori, then the first automorphism is fully irreducible and atoroidal if and only if the other is fully irreducible and atoroidal. This answers a question posed by Dowdall-Kapovich-Leininger.


Wednesday, October 23, 2019

Levi Sledd (Vanderbilt)

Title: Assouad-Nagata dimension of \(C'(1/6)\) groups

Abstract: Asymptotic dimension is a coarse invariant of metric spaces, introduced by Gromov in 1993 as a large-scale analogue of topological dimension. A related concept is that of Assouad-Nagata dimension, a quasi-isometry invariant which is bounded below by asymptotic dimension. Historically, these two invariants have been hard to distinguish among finitely generated groups. In this talk, we show that any finitely generated \(C'(1/6)\) group has Assouad-Nagata dimension at most \(2\). Using this result we show how to construct, for any \(n,k \in \mathbb N\) with \(n \geq 3\), a finitely generated group of asymptotic dimension \(n\) and Assouad-Nagata dimension \(n+k\).


Wednesday, October 30, 2019

Jesse Peterson (Vanderbilt)

Title: Von Neumann equivalence

Abstract: Two groups are measure equivalent if they have commuting measure-preserving actions on a sigma-finite measure space, such that each group has a finite-measure fundamental domain. We introduce a coarser equivalence, which we call von Neumann equivalence, by allowing the measure space on which the groups act to be non-commutative, i.e., we allow it to be a von Neumann algebra with a semi-finite normal faithful trace. We will show that many "approximation type" properties, (e.g., amenability, property (T)) which are known to be preserved by measure equivalence, are also preserved by von Neumann equivalence. We will also discuss a number of open problems related to this new notion. This is based on joint work with Ishan Ishan and Lauren Ruth.


Wednesday, November 6, 2019

Daniel Studenmund (Notre Dame)

Title: Algebra and geometry of finite-index subgroups

Abstract: Given an infinite, discrete group G, we will consider the collection C(G) of its finite-index subgroups. First, we study algebraic properties: The abstract commensurator Comm(G) consists of symmetries of C(G), and can detect surprising data about G. We will discuss some known results and pose questions about Comm(F_2). Second, we study geometric properties: C(G) carries a metric space structure that is studied by subgroup growth. We use this to motivate the more general notion of commensurability growth and discuss recent results. This talk includes discussion of work with Khalid Bou-Rabee, Tasho Kaletha, and Rachel Skipper.


Wednesday, November 13, 2019

Lauren Ruth (Vanderbilt)

Title: The Baum-Connes correspondence for the pure braid group on 4 strands

Abstract: We calculate the left-hand side and the right-hand side of the Baum-Connes correspondence for the pure braid group on 4 strands, each side relying on different techniques. This is joint work with Sara Azzali, Sarah Browne, Maria Paula Gomez Aparicio, and Hang Wang.


Wednesday, November 20, 2019

Jason Behrstock (CUNY)

Title: Hierarchically hyperbolic groups: an introduction

Abstract: Hierarchically hyperbolic spaces provide a uniform framework for working with many important examples, including mapping class groups, right angled Artin groups, Teichmuller space, most cubulated groups, and others. In this talk I'll provide an introduction to studying groups and spaces from this point of view, both describing new tools to use to study these groups and applications of those results. This talk will include joint work with Mark Hagen and Alessandro Sisto.


Wednesday, November 27, 2019

No Seminar (Thanksgiving break)


Wednesday, January 8, 2020

Genevieve Walsh (Tufts)

Title/Abstract: TBA


Wednesday, January 15, 2020

Talia Fernós (University of North Carolina, Greensboror)

Title/Abstract: TBA


Wednesday, February 5, 2020

Michael Ben-Zvi (Tufts)

Title/Abstract: TBA


Wednesday, February 26, 2020

Carolyn Abbott (Columbia University)

Title/Abstract: TBA


Wednesday, March 4, 2020

No Seminar (Spring Break)


Wednesday, March 25, 2020

Michael Hull (University of North Carolina, Greensboro)

Title/Abstract: TBA


Wednesday, April 22, 2020

No Seminar (Start of summer holiday)